On 27 January 2009, the Lombardy Regional Council approved the Nature Reserve of Val di Mello, creating the largest protected area of Lombardy.
The protected area was strongly supported by local people that, directly, was involved to protect the beauties of Val di Mello in an unique panorama. The „climbers“ have certainly contributed to all of this, identifying the particularities of the area already decades ago.
The Nature Reserve has been divided into three sub-areas, listed here in increasing levels of protection:
1. Nature Reserve of landscape interest (Orange)
2. Nature Reserve (Green)
3. Strict Nature Reserve (Red)
The management of the reserve has been entrusted to the Municipality of Val Masino, supported by the technical expertise of ERSAF-Lombardy.
The Strict Nature Reserve extends itself, on the left, from the mountain area to the path that conducts to Alpe Romilla and the access is only for authorized forestry personnel.
The Nature Reserve of landscape interest includes the valley floor with small villages, while the largest area is properly the Nature Reserve, which is crossed from the famous Rome Trail.
RESTRICTIONS AND LIMITATIONS OF ACTIVITIES
All activities listed below are prohibited, except for some special cases accompanied by explicit authorization of the managing or directly executed by the same.
Nature Reserve of landscape interest
1. realize new buildings or perform works on existing infrastructures that increase the volume, except for the construction of sanitary facilities;
2. create new productive areas or expand existing ones, even for farmed animals;
3. build new infrastructures;
4. build new roads, widen, pave or modify use of existing roads;
5. open new paths;
6. change the use of forests;
7. unauthorized cutting of forests;
8. collect, damage or remove the natural flora, fossils, minerals, rocks, soil undergrowth and litter;
9. introduce alien animal and plant species;
10. any behaviour that harm or disturb the wildlife;
11. take carcasses of dead animals or parts of them;
12. bring dogs except those at the rescue or work for the cattle;
14. perform actions that change the regime or the composition of the waters;
15. perform sports or touristic activities impacting on the environmental protection;
16. camping activities outside picnic areas;
17. fires outside of picnic areas, except for the forestry and grazing activities;
18. realize landfills or temporary deposits of discarded materials;
19. practice gliding, paragliding or similar;
20. fly with helicopters over the reserve at altitudes below 500 m above the ground, except for rescue or fire activities;
21. transit with motor vehicles, except for service needs explicitly authorized by the management authority;
22. engage in any activity, also temporary, involving environmental changes incompatible with the purposes of the Nature Reserve.
As well as the restrictions listed for the Partial Nature Reserve already listed, should be added further restrictions:
1. fishing activities will be governed by special rules;
2. make free camping or organized except in the alpine bivouac;
3. free fires;
4. circulate with motor vehicles;
Strict Nature Reserve
As well as the prohibitions applied to the Nature Reserve are added further restrictions:
1. access to unauthorized persons;
2. every human activity not of scientific research;
3. perform the cutting of forests in any case;
4. graze cattle;
5. introduce or reintroduce species of any kind;
6. fishing activity.